Pepperell Manufacturing Company collection (MS100)

Abstract: Records and artifacts created in the process of doing business by the prior and later iterations of Pepperell Manufacturing Company (PMC) in Biddeford, Maine. This collection includes materials from the numerous associated companies that either predated or postdated PMC; Pepperell being the largest, most successful and best known of the associated companies.

Administrative Histories: The history of the textile industry that developed along the banks of the Saco River in Biddeford and Saco, Maine is complicated by a complex web of interconnectedness. A core group of businessmen show up repeatedly in the development of each of the various companies. None of these companies was completely separate from the others, from their incorporations forward – for example: Samuel Batchelder appears in the incorporation papers for all three Biddeford companies; William Dwight was the treasurer of both the Saco Water Power Company and the Laconia Company; York Manufacturing begat Saco Water Power Co. which begat Saco Water Power Machine Shop, Laconia Company and Pepperell Manufacturing Company; Pepperell later absorbed two of its predecessors.

[PLEASE SEE FINDING AID FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORIES OF THE FOLLOWING:]

  • The Saco Water Power Company (1837 – 1915).
  • Laconia Company (1841 – 1899).
  • Pepperell Manufacturing Company/WestPoint-Pepperell/WestPoint Stevens/WestPoint Home (1844 – 2009) – [also Biddeford Textile Company].
  • J.S. & E. Wright Co./Wright, Bliss and Fabyan/Bliss, Fabyan & Co. (1864 – 1940).

MS 100 Pepperell Manufacturing Company collection finding aid.

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Douglass Family Papers (MS14)

Abstract: Lloyd Douglass (1912-1984) worked as an apprentice in the Metallurgy Laboratory at the Saco-Lowell Shops in Biddeford in the years leading up to WWII.

This collection is particularly good at showing the tightly controlled business practices employed by SLS during the lean years of the Great Depression.

Biography: Lloyd C. Douglass was born March 3, 1912 in Sebago Lake Village (Standish), son of Asa Martin and Geneva May (Libby) Douglass. In 1928, at the age of 16, he graduated from Scarborough High School. Lloyd Douglass was admitted to the apprentice program at Biddeford’s Saco-Lowell Shops, and worked in the Metallurgical Laboratory for several years (until WWII, when he enlisted and served in the Army-Air Force as a flight mechanic for the 439th troop carrier squadron). After the war Douglass returned to Maine and had a long career as an electrician and engineer at Snow’s Food Products in Scarborough. In 1947 he married Ruth Myrtle Rumery, daughter of Linwood William and Helen Eliza (York) Rumery of New Barn Cove (Granite Point Road), Biddeford. Ruth was born October 5, 1918 and was a 1937 graduate of Biddeford High School. Lloyd Douglass died October 5, 1984, and his wife passed 25 years later on June 11, 2009.

MS014 – Douglass Family Papers finding aid

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